Follow Your Passion is easily the worst advice you could ever give or get. (Mark Cuban)
By Andrew Youderian
You've undoubtedly heard the mantra, “Just follow your passion!” But I have to agree with Mark Cuban - I think it's awful advice.
This is especially true when it comes to choosing something to sell online. Your life-long love of Star Wars figurines doesn't mean it's a great niche to build your new ecommerce store around – sorry, Skywalker. If a thriving business is your goal, you should follow a methodical approach and pick a niche with attributes conducive to online success.
In this blog post I'll share 6 strategies to help you find a niche and product to sell. I'll also show you how to determine if there's enough demand for your product, and give you a few tools to measure the competitive pressures in those areas.
6 Strategies to Help You Find a Product to Sell
While you're brainstorming various niches and products to sell, there are a lot of important things to consider. Here are 6 strategies to help you find a product to sell:
1. Accessory-Heavy Niches: Merchants rarely make much on big-ticket items and will only earn maybe 5 to 10% on products like laptops and TVs. Where they really make their money is on the accessories.
Accessories enjoy markups of 100 to 1,000%, and customers are much less price-sensitive about them. A buyer might shop for weeks to get the best deal on a TV, but wouldn’t think twice about dropping $30 on an HDMI cable from the same place. Yet there's a good chance the business made nearly as much profit on the cable as it did on the flatscreen.
When you choose a niche with lots of accessories, you'll enjoy significantly higher profit margins and fewer price-sensitive shoppers.
2. Customers with a Passion or Problem: It's amazing how much money passionate hobbyists will spend. Mountain bikers will drop hundreds on light-weight accessories to shave a few pounds, and avid fishermen will invest tens of thousands of dollars in boats and related accessories. Also, if you can offer a product-based solution to a painful problem, you'll find a captive audience eager to buy.
3. The $100 to $200 Range: I've found that this price range is an ecommerce “sweet spot.” It’s large enough to create decent per-order profit, but small enough that – with a quality, informative website – most customers won't need to personally speak with someone before the sale.
As you grow, being able to generate most of your orders online offers massive efficiency savings versus a phone-heavy approach. But if you're selling products that cost $500 or more, many customers will want personal customer service before pulling out their credit cards.
4. Hard to Find Locally: If you needed garden equipment, you'd likely head down to your local Home Depot or Lowe’s. But where would you go to buy surveillance equipment or magicians' accessories? Probably online. Pick niche products that are hard to find locally, and you'll be able to get in front of the vast majority of your customers as they search online.
While you ideally want something difficult to source locally, you also need to ensure there's ample demand for the product! This can be a fine line to walk, and we'll return to the issue in the competition section below.
5. Low Product Turnover: If your product line is constantly changing year to year, you’ll end up spending valuable time on resources that will soon be outdated. Selling a product line with limited turnover ensures you can invest in an information-rich website that will be applicable for years.
6. Consumable or Disposable Products: Repeat customers are essential to any business, and it's MUCH easier to sell to existing customers who trust you than to new prospects. If your product needs to be re-ordered on a regular basis – and you're able to keep your customers happy – you’ll be on your way to building a profitable business with recurring revenue.
Finding a great product is only part of the equation. Even a niche fitting all the above criteria would be a poor choice in the face of inadequate demand or crushing competition. Understanding a product’s demand, competition and suppliers will be important to making an informed decision. If you want to learn more about finding the perfect product to sell, check out Shopify's more comprehensive guide on how to find a good product to sell online.
Is There Enough Demand For Your Product?
The best way to measure online demand is with Google's Keyword Tool, which provides data on how many people are searching for a specific term. If you're unfamiliar with the tool, I'd strongly recommend watching this video on how to do keyword research:
- Use “phrase” or [exact] match, as these provide the most accurate results;
- Look at the local and not the global results;
- Look for keywords with lots of “long-tail” variations.
If we were selling sunglasses, “prescription sunglasses” and “discount Oakley sunglasses” would be examples of long-tail variations. These are important because your primary keyword (“sunglasses,” in this example) will only provide a small fraction of your traffic. Even with a #1 ranking in Google, you'll be lucky to receive 30% of the phrase's traffic!
Realistically, most ecommerce sites will receive 80 to 90% of their traffic from long-tail keywords. So the more long-tail variations associated with a primary keyword, the more potential traffic you can generate. As a rule of thumb, I like to see at least 3,000 exact-match local searches for a niche's primary keyword, and ideally a dozen or so long-tail variations. Without sufficient search volume, I won't even bother evaluating a niche on other criteria.
Can You Effectively Compete?You'll need to weigh market demand against the strength of the entrenched competitors. Keywords like “netbooks” and “baby clothes” will have tons of searches, but competing against legions of established businesses in these markets would be extremely difficult, especially for a new business.
To measure competitive pressures, I recommend looking at three metrics for the top 10 businesses listed in Google for your niche.
Inbound Links: Using a site like Open Site Explorer, you can see how many other domains are linking to the competition. Top competitors in any niche worth entering will have at least a few hundred inbound links, and this shouldn't scare you away. But if every business has upwards of 1,000 inbound links, you'll need to seriously consider the commitment required to compete.
PageRank: All links aren't created equal, and PageRank is a metric that takes into account the quality of inbound links. It's also a representation of how much authority a page has. You can use a number of browser plugins to measure PageRank, including PageRank Status for Chrome and Search Status for FireFox.
Homepages with PageRanks of 3 and 4 are fairly standard and will likely be the minimum point of entry for most viable niches. Trying to outrank sites with PageRanks of 5 or higher will require significantly more work and an SEO campaign dedicated to getting quality backlinks.
Quality of Site: This metric might be the most important of the three. Browse the competition’s websites and ask yourself:
“How likely would I be to purchase from this site?”
If most of the businesses have poorly designed sites with little information, you have an opportunity to compete. But if the niche is flush with professionally designed sites adding loads of value, you're going to have a hard time differentiating your site. Also check out these 8 tools to research your competition.
Sourcing Your ProductsHaving reliable and competent suppliers is a crucial element of launching a new ecommerce store and needs to be a key consideration in the niche selection process. This is especially true if you'll be drop shipping, as your supplier will be doubling as your warehouse and fulfillment agency. A bad supplier will cause an endless supply of headaches from botched shipments to perpetually out-of-stock items.
I strongly recommend having at least two suppliers for any new ecommerce store. Why?
- You're not 100% dependent on a single supplier;
- Higher fulfillment rates and fewer out-of-stock issues with two warehouses;
- Better pricing when suppliers are competing for your business.
Wait! Passion IS EssentialI may have been too hasty when I warned against following your passion. Doing something you're passionate about is crucially important to achieving success. The mistake new ecommerce entrepreneurs often make is focusing their passion on the products they sell instead of the process of building a thriving, profitable business.
It doesn't matter if you sell diapers or dentures; if you've built a successful ecommerce business around a niche, I promise you'll become passionate about it.
This is a Guest Post by Andrew Youderian. Andrew quit his corporate job to become an ecommerce entrepreneur and now runs numerous online businesses. To learn more, download his free eBook on building a successful ecommerce businessor check out his blog at eCommerceFuel.com.